31 Jul

PROPHET JESUS IN THE QUR’AN

PROPHET JESUS IN THE QUR’AN

In our essay entitled “Mary in the Qur’an” we explained Mary’s birth, her hermaphroditic nature, her delivery of Jesus as a sign of Allah despite this fact, giving of the good tidings that Jesus will be a prophet and her departure from Palestine and settlement in Qumran, based on the Qur’an. Here, we will analyze the corrections on the wrong beliefs regarding Prophet Jesus stated in the Qur’an.

Prophet Jesus is a person who, like his mother, was subject to many lies and slanders. With the effect of these lies and slanders, Christians were divided into many schisms and sects among themselves.

What does “Jesus (İsa)” mean?

According to the Qur’an, prior to pregnancy of Mary, she was informed by the messages sent through messenger Zachariah that she would be pregnant as a sign of Allah, that the child she would deliver will be a male, and that he will be called “Mary’s son “Jesus Messiah.”

Surah Ali Imran 45,46,48 :

45,46And when the harbinger Ayat once said: “O Mary! Allah gives you the good tidings of a word from Him. His name will be Jesus the Messiah, son of Mary. He will be honorable in the world and in Akhirat [Afterlife]. And he will be among those who have been brought close and the righteous. He will speak with the people as an adult and in a higher position. 48And Allah will teach him the book, the laws, rules and principles that are set forth to prevent injustice, corruption and chaos and the Bible and the Torah.

According to the Christian sources, in the Luke, Matthew and Barnabas Gospels, information regarding this issue, although short, is given:

“… 29 Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be.. 30 But the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary; you have found favor with God.31You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus.32He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David. 33and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants forever; his kingdom will never end.”.(Luke/1; 29–35) 

21On the eighth day, when it was time to circumcise the child, he was named Jesus, the name the angel had given him before he was conceived. (Luke/2; 21) 

18 This is how the birth of Jesus the Messiah came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant through the Holy Spirit.

19 Because Joseph her husband was faithful to the law, and yet did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly. 20 But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.”

22-23 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: “The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel” (which means “God with us”). (Matthew/1; 18–23) 

In the Barnabas Bible, everything narrated in the Luke and Matthew Bibles are stated.

As specified in the sources like Lisan-ul Arab and Taj-ul Arus, some of the experts of the Arabic language say that the meaning of the word of “Isa” (Jesus) might have come from the word of “ayes” or “avs” that means “politics’’ and some others assert that it might have come from “e’yese” that expresses the “dried form of agricultural products.” Grandmasters like Saybavaih, Gevheri, and Zejjac, say that this word has no conjugation and it is then Hebrew or Assyrian. Leys asserts that it was derived from Eysua, which is the truth about it.

As the Assyrian and Hebrew versions of the books that are used as the Bible are not available, all the researchers of the world; either Muslim or Christian; are unable to know the exact origin and the meaning of the word of “Jesus”.

In the books written in Greek, “Jesus” takes place in the form of‘IESOUS ΙΗΣΟΥΣ.’ This word was borrowed in English as ‘JESUS’. At the same time, it is not difficult to guess that this word is closely related with ZEUS, the head of the gods of Olympus. In the Holy Scriptures today, the words of Hosea, Hoshea, Jehoshuah (Jehoshua), Jeshua, Jeshuah, Joshua, Osea, and Oshea which can be the synonym of the noun in question, take place. And these words mean the Rabb saves; God’s saving”.

According to our opinion, “Jesus” specified in the Bible whose original was lost, was in the form of “Jehoshuah” in Hebrew and then came to be uttered as “IESOUS ΙΗΣΟΥΣ” as in Greek. In the Bible translations, it is said that “Jesus is the abbreviation of Yeoshua, which means God saves.

The name of “IESOUS ΙΗΣΟΥΣ” in the Christian world was coined and localized by the Arabs as “IYSA”. The Turks generally pronounce it as “Isa” and “Ese”. Such changes among the languages are fairly normal.

We know from the documents and contradictions at hand that in the documents and in their translations belonging to the Israelites, there have been many alterations.

We have the opinion accordingly that the actual meaning of the name given to Prophet “Jesus” in Hebrew (we do not know the exact original of the word) is the “Savior sent by God.”

When did Prophet Jesus live?

The Christians do not have an exact information regarding the age in which Prophet Jesus lived and his date of nativity. According to some of them, Jesus was born during a census conducted in the year of AD 6. According to Luke, the birth took place in the period of Herod who died in BC. 4. According to some scholars, this date is 19 April while 20 May according to some others. Generally, eastern churches believed it to be 6th of January and the western churches to be 25th of December. According to some others, Jesus was born in “0.” For this reason, they start the calendar with his nativity. In the bibles of Matthew and Luke, it is written that Jesus was born in Bethlehem. In Mark, it is written that he is from Nazareth.

According to some people who pay attention to these incongruities in the Christian sources, someone called Jesus has never existed. If we consider the statements in the Qur’an that Prophet Jesus was a healer of eye diseases and teacher of cereal protection; we think we can have accurate knowledge regarding where Jesus lived. When we scrutinized the subject matter of Mary, we learned that our Rabb placed Mary and her son Jesus in Qumran region from Surah Al-Mu’minun/50th Ayah. This means that Prophet Jesus spent the years between his nativity and his proclamation of an messenger –those who examined the issue on the Qur’an know well that this period took about 40 years – in Qumran and studied medicine and food protection there.

According to the historical documents, the years during which the education of healing and nutrition stood out are the years of BC 200 -400.

In addition, in the chronicles in the Holy Scriptures, this period between BC. 400 – 0 was always skipped, as if nothing significant took place in that period. The things that were experienced in four hundred years were concealed and no information regarding on persons, events, and places were given. We think that Jesus lived in this concealed period.

We learned from the Qur’an (Surah Mary 25) that Mother Mary delivered Jesus in a period during which dates became ripe.

In the Qur’an, the information regarding Mary and Prophet Jesus reflects the Jewish and Christian beliefs that appeared in the period between nativity of Prophet Jesus and descent of the Qur’an. However, since the time of the descent of the Qur’an, Christians and Jews were divided into sects and dispositions just like the Muslims’ separation into hundreds of sects and thousands of dispositions and each schism exhibited different belief and lifestyle. According to our opinion, the messages and divine principles given in the Qur’an must be delivered not only to Muslims but also to the Companions of the Book so wrong beliefs and lifestyles will be excluded from the life of the people among the Muslims and Companions of the Book. Such studies to be conducted by the Qur’an’s scholars have a potential for the humanity to know the right direction.

In the period in which the Qur’an descended, there were three groups with different beliefs among the Christians:

- Those who said, “Jesus is son of Allah”

- Those who said, “Jesus is Allah himself” and

- Those who said, “Allah is the third of the trinity”.

But today, there are thousands of small groups in the Christians in addition to the big ones like Catholic, Protestants, Orthodox, Jesus Christ’s Last Apostles; Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses etc. (in Christianity, sects are named according to their churches).

Our Rabb rejects these deviated beliefs in the Qur’an and revealed the truth:

  1. Surah Al-Ma’idah 72- 78:

72Surely, those who say: “Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary” have certainly become infidels; the ones who consciously deny the divinity of Allah and the fact that He is Rabb. Yet the Messiah said: “O Israelites! Worship Allah, my Rabb and your Rabb. Surely, whoever associates others with Allah, Allah will definitely make Jannah [Heaven/Paradise] haram/forbidden to him and his abode will be the Fire. And there will be no one from helpers for those who do wrong; act against their own good by associating others with Allah, by disbelieving”.

73Indeed, those who say: “Allah is the third of the three” have certainly become infidels; the ones who consciously deny the divinity of Allah and the fact that He is Rabb. Yet there is no god but the one God. If they do not desist from what they say, a painful punishment will definitely touch the infidels; those who consciously deny the divinity of Allah and the fact that He is Rabb from among them.

74Do they still not repent to Allah and ask forgiveness of Him? Allah is the One Who forgives much, shows great mercy.

75The Messiah, son of Mary, is only a messenger. Messengers had passed on before him as well. And his mother is a truthful woman. They both used to eat food. Look how We make the Ayat clear to them. Then look again how they are deluded!

76Say: “Do you worship that which possesses no power to harm and benefit you from among those that are inferior to Allah? But Allah is the One Who hears very well, knows very well”.

77Say: “O People of the Book! Do not transgress in your religion beyond the truth. And do not follow the desires of a people who have gone astray, who have led many others astray and who have gone astray from the soundness of the righteous path”.

78Those infidels from among Israelites; those who consciously deny the divinity of Allah and the fact that He is Rabb were cursed by the tongue of David and Jesus, son of Mary. This is because they disobeyed and transgressed.

  1. Surah Ali Imran 59- 63 :

59Say: “O People of the Book! Do you dislike us because we believe only in Allah, what has been revealed to us and before us and most of you are the ones who have gone astray from the righteous path?”

60Say: “Will I inform you of what is worse than that as recompense in the sight of Allah? Whomever Allah cursed and with whomever he was not pleased; from whomever He made apes, swine and worship taghut, those are worse in position and further astray from the sound path”.

61And when they came to you, they said: “We have believed”. But they entered with disbelief; conscious denial of the divinity of Allah and the fact that He is Rabb and they surely left with disbelief. And Allah is the One Who knows best what they were hiding.

62You see many of them race in committing sin, in animosity and consuming haram/forbidden. How evil is that which they do!

63Why did those who devoted themselves to Allah and religious scholars not forbid them from saying what is sin and consuming what is haram/forbidden? How evil is that which they do!

In these verses, the debate is ended with the Companions of the Book, particularly Najran representatives who came specifically to Prophet Mohammed to ask questions about Jesus, regarding the truth about Prophet Jesus. ‘‘Indeed, example of Jesus in the sight of Allah is like the example of Adam/every human; He formed him from dust and then said to him, “Be!” then he immediately was’’.

The objective of this explanation is to correct the wrong beliefs of the Christians. With the likening here, it is expressed that Prophet Jesus was created from earth, a matter, just like Adam and stated that in terms of creation, Prophet Jesus is not different from the other people, therefore, he was not a deity, Rabb and son of Allah. Then the obstinacy is challenged in this regard: “Let us invite our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves, then curse each other then invoke the curse of Allah upon the liars.

This cursing is the method that can be applied as a last resort in Arab tradition. This is the event of advance acknowledgement of drying out of the generation and vanishing of their names and titles, to which no one who was unfair in his/her cause would attempt. Hence, Allah’s such invitation was not accepted by the Najran bishops. They could not risk curse.

At the end of the paragraph, it says, “Surely, this is the narration which is true. There is no deity except Allah. And surely, Allah is the One Who is the most exalted, the most powerful, the most honorable, the invincible/the subduer, the best law maker, the One Who precludes corruption best/makes incorruptible.And if they turn away, let it be known that Allah is the One Who knows the corrupters best” in which it is requested that time must not be spent with those who are trying to cover up the truth and let them be judged by Allah.

  1. Surah Az-Zukhruf 57-67 :

57And when Jesus, son of Mary, is presented as an example, your people go away from it while they keep their distance.

58And your people said: “Are our deities better or is he, Muhammad/Jesus?”. They presented this example only to argue with you. In fact, they are an hostile people.

59Jesus was only Our servant to whom We bestowed favor and whom We made an example for Israelites.

63,64And when Jesus came with explicit proofs, he said: “I have brought you the laws, rules and principles that are set forth to prevent injustice and chaos and I have come to make clear to you some of that over which you differ. So, enter under the guardianship of Allah and obey me. Surely, Allah; He is my Rabb and your Rabb. So worship Him. This is a righteous path”.

65But groups differed over Jesus between each other. O woe to those who do wrong; act against their own good by associating others with Allah because of the punishment of a painful day!

66Do they expect anything other than the moment of Qiyamat [Resurrection] to come to them unexpectedly while they do not perceive?

67On that day, all leaders/those who follow each other except for those who have entered under the guardianship of Allah will be enemy of each other.

In this group of verses where the attitudes of the Meccan polytheists against the information about Jesus that the Qur’an gives, it is underlined that Jesus was shown as an example to the Israelites and he is a servant who was subject to many blessings of Allah.

  1. Surah Al-Ma’idah 109-120 :

109On the day He will gather the messengers, Allah will say: “What is the response that was given to you?”. They will say: “We have no knowledge; indeed, You are the One Who knows best the unseen, the unheard, the unfelt, the past and the future”.

110When Allah said: “O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My favor upon you and your mother! When I strengthened you with the Wahy [Revelation] of Allah. You were talking to the people as a man in a high position and an adult. When I taught you the Book, the laws, rules and principles that were set forth to prevent injustice, corruption and chaos, the Torah and the Bible.

When you made an object [thurible] from mud; clay [ceramic] that looked like a bird with My permission/knowledge. Then you blew into it; formed aerosol, and they [pests that spread; transmit disease] became birds/went away immediately by My permission. You removed the blindness which is not from birth, poisoning of snake, scorpion and lizard/harmful plants in the vineyards, gardens and farms by permission/knowledge of Allah. And, again with My permission/knowledge, you brought forth/revived social dead. And when you came to Israelites with explicit evidences and those who disbelieved in the divinity of Allah and the fact that He is Rabb from among them said: “This is only an explicit magic”, I protected you from them.

111And when I inspired to the Apostles: “Believe in Me and My Messenger”. And they said: “We have believed!” and “So bear witness that indeed we are Muslims”.

112And when the Apostles said: “O Jesus, son of Mary! May your Rabb send down to us from the heaven/universe a table?”. Jesus said: “If you are believers, enter under the guardianship of Allah”.

113And the Apostles said: “We wish to eat from it so our hearts may be assured and we may know that you tell the truth to us and be among the witnesses of it”.

114Jesus, son of Mary, said: “My Allah, our Rabb! Send down from the heavens/universe upon us a table as a festival for us and our people before and after us and an evidence/a sign from You. And provide for us. And You are the best of providers!”.

115Allah said: “Indeed, I am the One Who will send it down to you. And whoever from among you disbelieves after this, I will punish him with a punishment by which I have never punished anyone among the mankind”.

116-118And when Allah said: “O Jesus, son of Mary! Was it you who told people: ‘Take me and my mother as two gods from among those that are inferior to Allah’?”. Jesus said: “Purified are You, it is not suitable for me to say that which is not true. If I had said it, You would have surely known this. You know what is within myself, but I do not know what is within Yourself. Surely, You are the One Who knows best the unseen, the unheard, the unfelt, the past and the future! I only said to them what You had commanded me; ‘Worship Allah Who is my Rabb and your Rabb’. And as long as I was among them, I was a witness over them. But when you took my life; reminded me that which I had done in the past and what I had failed to do while being obliged to, then You became the One Who observes them. And indeed, You are the witness over all things. If You should punish them, they are definitely Your servants and should You forgive them, indeed You are the One Who is the most exalted, the most powerful, the most honorable, the invincible/the subduer, the best law maker, the One Who precludes corruption best/makes incorruptible”.

119Allah will say: “This is the day when their truthfulness will benefit the truthful. There are the gardens of Jannah [Heaven/Paradise], underneath of which rivers flow for them as the ones who will abide therein eternally”. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. This is the greatest attainment.

120Possession and dominion of all that which is in the heavens/universe and on the earth belong only to Allah. And He is the One Who is the most competent over everything.

In this group of verses, the task of the messengers in the world, their relations with humans and their witnessing to them, the scenes from the world and the afterlife, concretely shown by way of giving Prophet Jesus as an example. It is said at the end of the paragraph, “This is the day when their truthfulness will benefit the truthful. There are the gardens of Jannah [Heaven/Paradise], underneath of which rivers flow for them as the ones who will abide therein eternally”. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. This is the greatest attainment.Possession and dominion of all that which is in the heavens/universe and on the earth belong only to Allah. And He is the One Who is the most competent over everything” people are warned to pull themselves together.

No explanation is given regarding whether the “table ” which was mentioned in the 112th verse, was sent or not. There is no information in this regard in the valid Bibles at hand. But the mechanism of rumor also takes place in here and continues to produce: “Dining table was descended. There was a fish on the dining table, with no scales and bones. Beside it, there were salt, vegetables, vinegar, and bread with butter, honey, cheese, olive, and pastrami”. “On the table, there were seven pastries and seven fishes“. “The table was a fish that gave the taste of all the food in the world”. “The table was one of the gifts of the paradise”, “The table consisted of bread, rice and vegetables”, “The apostles always had their meals on this table. Later on, one committed theft and then the table was not descended any longer” etc., in addition to many other untrue and baseless expressions.

In our opinion, no table descended. It was stated in the verse that Indeed, I am the One Who will send it down to you. And whoever from among you disbelieves after this, I will punish him with a punishment by which I have never punished anyone among the mankind and according to the messages in the verses in Al-An’am/8, Al-Isra/59, after a manifestation of a miracle, there will be a disaster in question:

A second point here that peaks interest is that Prophet Jesus does not have any prompting for people to sanctify him and his mother. In Christianity, sanctifying Prophet Jesus and Mary was imposed by the self-seeking, so called religious scholars subsequently.

First information in the Qur’an regarding Prophet Jesus was given in the Surah Maryam. Here, Jesus’ task of being a prophet and his life were expressly summarized and there is no discrimination in the communiqués he provides except for the laws of Allah.

  1. Surah Mary 29-36 :

29Them Mary pointed to him; the one who was below her during the childbirth; Zachariah, and asked him to explain the situation. Zachariah guaranteed that Mary had given birth to the child without committing unlawful sexual intercourse and asked them to raise the child at the temple. They said: “How can we, chiefs of our people, speak to a child who has not reached the age of ability to distinguish between good and evil/How do chiefs speak to a child who has not reached the age of ability to distinguish between good and evil yet?”.

34This is Jesus [Isa], son of Mary, about whom they have been disputing according to the word of truth, and who says: “30Surely, I am the servant of Allah. He has given me the book and made me a prophet. 31He has rendered me blessed wherever I am. He has given me Salah [supporting financially and spiritually; striving to enlighten the community] and zaqah/tax as a liability as long as I live. 32And He has made me kind to my mother. And He has not made me a tyrant, an unhappy one. 33And Salam [health, peace, happiness…] be upon me, on the day I was born, on the day I will die, and on the day I will be resurrected again as alive. 36And indeed, Allah is my Rabb, and He is your Rabb as well. So, worship Him, this is the straight path”.

We see that second information about Jesus was about the notification given to his mother Mary before Jesus was born:

  1. Surah Ali Imran 46-51 :

45,46And when the harbinger Ayat once said: “O Mary! Allah gives you the good tidings of a word from Him. His name will be Jesus the Messiah, son of Mary. He will be honorable in the world and in Akhirat [Afterlife]. And he will be among those who have been brought close and the righteous. He will speak with the people as an adult and in a higher position. 48And Allah will teach him the book, the laws, rules and principles that are set forth to prevent injustice, corruption and chaos and the Bible and the Torah.

49-51And He will make him a messenger to Israelites to say, ‘The truth is that I have brought/come to you with an evidence/a sign from your Rabb; surely, I design for you a clay; mud; ceramic object; thurible (censer) that resembles a bird. Then I blow into it; form an aerosol so, by permission of Allah, all that which causes illness will become a bird/fly away. I remove the blindness which is not from birth, poisoning of snake, scorpion and lizard/harmful plants in the vineyards, gardens and farms by permission/knowledge of Allah and I revive the social dead by permission of Allah. I inform you about your food that you will eat and store in your houses; save to eat later. –If you are the ones who believe, there is definitely an evidence/a sign in this for you.- I confirm the contents of Torah only which is contained in the Bible as well. I will make lawful a part of that which has been forbidden to you. I have brought to you an evidence/a sign from your Rabb. Now enter under the guardianship of Allah and follow me. Surely, Allah is my Rabb and your Rabb. Therefore, worship Him! This is the righteous path’”.

Also in the Surah Az-Zukhruf, we see that Jesus’ duty and position are not different from the other prophets:

  1. Az-Zukhruf 63,64 :

63,64And when Jesus came with explicit proofs, he said: “I have brought you the laws, rules and principles that are set forth to prevent injustice and chaos and I have come to make clear to you some of that over which you differ. So, enter under the guardianship of Allah and obey me. Surely, Allah; He is my Rabb and your Rabb. So worship Him. This is a righteous path”.

Despite the reality about Jesus was this, the Christians took Prophet Jesus away from being a human and a servant and raised him to the level of being a God, Rabb, Allah’s son. In addition to this, Muslims ascended him to heaven and they are still waiting for him to descend.

Entrapment set for Prophet Jesus

In order to understand the realities about Prophet Jesus, we must determine the focus of emphasis well in the passages about Prophet Jesus. Paying attention to them, we continue our analyses:

Surah Ali Imran 52-58 :

52,53And when Jesus felt disbelief; denial of the divinity of Allah and the fact that He is Rabb from them, he said: “Who are my helpers in the path of Allah?”. The Apostles said: “We are the helpers of Allah, we have believed in Allah, now testify that we are Muslims. –O our Rabb! We have believed in that which You have revealed and followed the messenger as well. Then, write us down among the witnesses”-.

54And the disbelievers made an evil plan, but Allah made their evil plan fail. And Allah is the best of those who make the evil plans fail.

55-57And when Allah said: “O Jesus! Surely, I am the One Who reminds you one by one what you did in the past and what you failed to do while being obliged to/the One Who takes your life and raises you to Myself and purifies you from the infidels; those who consciously deny My divinity and the fact that I am Rabb. And I am the One Who favors those who have followed you until the day of Qiyamat [Resurrection] above the infidels; those who consciously deny My divinity and the fact that I am Rabb. Then you will be returned only to Me. Then I will judge among you about that over which you differed. And as for the infidels; those who consciously deny My divinity and the fact that I am Rabb; I will punish them in the world and in Akhirat [Afterlife] with a severe punishment. There will not be anything for them from the helpers. And as for those who believe and do amendatory deeds; Allah will pay their reward fully. And Allah does not like those who do wrong; act against their own good by associating others with Himself”.

58We recite this to you from the Ayat and from the reminders/the Qur’an that contains laws.

In these verses, a part of the life of Prophet Jesus is given and the deviated beliefs of the Christians, especially the representatives of Najran regarding the divinity of Jesus are rejected and our Prophet is motivated. The information given in the verses can be summarized as follows: Meanwhile, vindictive Jews are devising plans for annihilating Jesus and Allah is making a plan as well [He is creating the events that would negate their plans]. When Jesus sensed disbelief on their part, he said, “Who are my helpers in the path of Allah?” The disciples said, “We are the helpers of Allah, we have believed in Allah, now testify that we are Muslims” giving guarantee to Jesus and added, “O our Rabb! We have believed in that which You have revealed and followed the messenger as well. Then, write us down among the witnesses’’ Hence, they venture into the act of being dead on the service of Allah.

This phase is given in another verse as follows:

Surah As-Saff 14 :

14O you who have believed! Be helpers of Allah; as when once Jesus, son of Mary, said to apostles: “Who are my helpers for Allah?”. And apostles said to him: “We are helpers of Allah”. Then, a group of people believed in Israelites and another group did not. Then, We strengthened those who believed against their enemies so they prevailed.

WHO ARE THE APOSTLES?

In the sources, in terms of the word of havâri/havâriyyun (Apostles), even though there are assertions such as: “They were given this name because of the whiteness of their garments”; “They were hunter people”; “They were dress bleachers”. “They were called so as they bleached garments”. “They were dress bleachers, decolorants and painters”. “They were given these names as they were the essential men of the prophets”; while as understood from the verses, they are closest friends and helpers of Prophet Jesus.

Likening of Jesus for them

The expressions in the 54th verse that ‘‘And the disbelievers made an evil plan, but Allah made their evil plan fail. And Allah is the best of those who make the evil plans fail.’’ is clarified in the Surah An-Nisa:

Surah An-Nisa 154-158 :

154-158And upon their covenant, We raised the highest/the dearest among them/Moses up to Mount Tur. And We said to them: “Enter that gate while you submit”. And We also said to them: “Do not transgress on the contemplation/servitude day”. Then We took their solemn covenant for their breaking of their own covenant, their disbelief in the Ayat of Allah, their killing of the prophets without right and their statement: “Our hearts are covered”, -rather, Allah sealed their hearts for their disbelief; their conscious denial of the divinity of Himself and the fact that He is Rabb. None of them but a few believe- and their disbelief in the divinity of Allah and the fact that He is Rabb and their great slanders against Mary; and their saying “We truly have killed Jesus the Messiah, Messenger of Allah and son of Mary”. But, they did not kill him and they did not treat him harshly. But another one was made to look similar to Jesus. Truly, those who differ over him have definitely insufficient knowledge. They do not have any knowledge concerning this other than following assumptions. They certainly did not kill him. Rather, Allah ascended him to Himself/raised him in degree. And Allah is the One Who is the most exalted, the most powerful, the most honorable, the invincible/the subduer, the best law maker, the One Who precludes corruption best/makes incorruptible.

The expression in the verse But, they did not kill him and they did not treat him harshly. But another one was made to look similar to Jesus must be scrutinized well.

Razi makes the following remarks:

Killing of the person who wish to kill Jesus by likening to him:

Allah gave Jesus appearance to somebody else.” Different explanations were made according to this remark:

a)When the Jews learned that Jesus (Peace Be Upon Him) and his friends [apostles] are in a person’s house, Judah, the chief of the Jews, ordered Taitayius, one of his men, to go and take him out of the house in order to kill him. When this man came in and came closer to Jesus, Allah raised Jesus to the sky from the ceiling of the house and gave Taitayius the appearance of Jesus (Peace Be Upon Him). And the Jews thought that he was Jesus and killed him crucifying.

b)TheJews assigned a man to pursue Jesus (Peace Be Upon Him). Jesus (Peace Be Upon Him) went to the mountains and was ascended into the sky there. Allah gave the pursuing man the appearance of Jesus the Jews killed him even if he said, “I’m not Jesus.”

c) Jews were determined to catch Jesus. Jesus (Peace Be Upon Him) had ten apostles with him. Jesus asked them, “Who wish to purchase Jannah [Heaven/Paradise] in return of being given my appearance?” One of them said, “I do…” Upon this, Allah gave him the form of Jesus(Peace Be Upon Him). He was taken out of the house and killed. Jesus was ascended.

d) There was a hypocrite man who alleged that he was one of Jesus’ apostles. This hypocrite man went to the Jews and informed about the whereabouts of Jesus (Peace Be Upon Him). When this man came in together with the Jews to catch Jesus, Allah gave him the appearance of Jesus. Thus, this man was killed and crucified.

All these things are the statements that oppose each other. Allah knows the reality of the things.”

In the verse it is stated that ‘‘Truly, those who differ over him have definitely insufficient knowledge. They do not have any knowledge concerning this other than following assumptions’’, which dispute here is like the unreal beliefs such as “If this one dead is Jesus, where is our friend?”, “God ascended him to the sky before our eyes”, “The person who was crucified was Jesus but he did not die on the cross and he was alive when he was taken down from the cross”, “Jesus died on the cross and then resurrected again and met with his apostles and talked with them many times.”.

According to what Kurtubi narrates, this issue was explained by ed-Dahhak as follows:

When they wanted to kill Jesus, the 12 apostles came together in a room. Jesus came beside them from the ventilation orifice of the room. When the demon informed the Jewish communities about the situation, 4.000 persons rode to rush onto the door of the room. Messiah said to the apostles, “Whoever among you risk death in return of being with me in the heaven?” One of them said, “I do, O Prophet of Allah”. Upon this, Jesus gave him his woolen garment and turban and entrusted him his staff. This person was likened Jesus’ appearance. When he defied the Jews, he was killed and then crucified.

As can be understood from the essence of these remarks, one of the apostles was disguised into Jesus and died on the path of Allah. This is the likening of Jesus.

ASCENSION OF JESUS TO ALLAH

The expressions in the paragraph in question of “Rather, Allah ascended him to Himself/raised him in degree” and in Ali Imran 55, “I am the One Who raises you to Myself” were strained in order to disfavor Islam, the Prophet, and the Qur’an, in the manner as of Allah ascended Jesus to heaven, beside him and there were many legends in this regard. Because reasonable men would think and question how Jesus would live in the sky, what he would eat and drink, how he would breathe, with what he would spend time, how would he be able to protect from the chill of the space, on what star or planet he was present, and whether the works he will carry out after his descent can be carried out by someone else and naturally rejecting them as a result.

The expression of “going to Allah, ascending to Allah” is not ascension to heavens physically. Here, it is not mentioned to go up the heavens/sky or to Allah.

These expressions point out Allah’s leveling up the rank, His giving of value, His raising of him to high levels on earth, and His grant of substantial wards to him. Here, it is stated that they did not kill Jesus but his rank was increased. In order to understand “ascension” here well, attention must be paid to the following Ayat:

Surah Al-A’raf 175-178 :

175And recite to them the serious news of that one to whom We gave Our Ayat, then he detached himself from them then satan made him follow himself thus becoming of those who transgressed.

176And if We had willed, We could have elevated him with those Ayat but he was stuck into the ignominy and followed his desires. Now his example is like the example of the dog that pants if you chase; and still pants if you leave him alone. This is the end of those people who deny Our Ayat. Therefore, tell them this story throughout so that they may think very well.

177How evil is the example of those people who denied Our Ayat and only treated unjustly to themselves!

178Whoever Allah guides, he is the one who follows the righteous path he is guided. And whoever Allah leads astray, it is those who lose.

In A’raf 176, according to the expression And if We had willed, We could have elevated him with those Ayat, Allah will raise everyone to Himself. The raising that is the subject matter here is not a physical ascension but a spiritual ascension through giving a “perfect belief and good manners’’ because Allah raises those people to the alayyin [to the Almighty]:

Surah Al-Mujadila 11 :

11O you who have believed! When it is said to you: “Make room in your meetings/let others join you”, make room immediately so Allah may make room for you/give you space. And when you are told: “Overstate yourselves”, overstate yourselves.398 This way, Allah may raise in degrees those who have believed among you and those who have been given knowledge. And Allah is the One Who is all aware of what you do.

Surah Mary 56-57 :

56And mention/remind Idris [Enoch] in the Book. Indeed, he was a righteous person, a prophet. 57And We raised him to an high place.

Raising of humans in these verses is not a material rise but raising of them in their ranks, increase of their values. One of Allah’s titles is “refiyyu’d-derejad’’ [The one who increases ranks]:

Surah Al-Mu’min 15 :

15He is the One Who raises the degrees, the owner of the greatest throne/position: He places the revelation which is from His own command/His own affair to whomever He wills of His servants to warn about the day of meeting.

In addition, we had stated that the word of Al Mahdi specified in 46th Ayah of Surah Ali Imran and translated as “cradle” would have the following meaning when it spelled as “Al-muhdi:” And he will be among those who have been brought close and the righteous. He will speak with the people as an adult and in a higher position. In addition, in Al-Baqara/253; Al-An`am/83,165; Az-Zukhruf/32, Al-Inshirah/4, Yusuf/86 can be scrutinized.

Jesus’ being in high ranks is stated expressly in Surah Ali Imran 46 and Surah Al-Ma’idah 110.

The point that must be underlined in the verse is the expression that But another one was made to look similar to Jesus. Here, it is said that Jesus was likened to something but it is not stated what it was. We think that the thing to which Jesus was likened was known exactly by the Prophet and companions of him.

Death of Jesus

Above, in the explanations about Prophet Jesus, it was stated that Qur’an said regarding Prophet Jesus that “he was like Adam, like every human, he was an example servant, he ate and drank and he did not have any holiness. Moreover, if attention is paid to the verses of the Qur’an, it is understood that Prophet Jesus was a mortal and died as every human:

In the verse, the expression that ‘‘Surely, I am the One Who takes your life’’ is the statement that Jesus will die as other people. Here, it was stated that Jesus would follow this path as every other servant.

Ali Imran; as seen 55 above, provides the expressions of “O Jesus! Surely, I am the One Who reminds you one by one what you did in the past and what you failed to do while being obliged to/the One Who takes your lifeand Al-Ma’idah 117I only said to them what You had commanded me; ‘Worship Allah Who is my Rabb and your Rabb’. And as long as I was among them, I was a witness over them. But when you took my life; reminded me that which I had done in the past and what I had failed to do while being obliged to, then You became the One Who observes them. And indeed, You are the witness over all things. If You should punish them, they are definitely Your servants and should You forgive them, indeed You are the One Who is the most exalted, the most powerful, the most honorable, the invincible/the subduer, the best law maker, the One Who precludes corruption best/makes incorruptible

And in Mary 33 (as spoken by Jesus)And Salam [health, peace, happiness…] be upon me, on the day I was born, on the day I will die, and on the day I will be resurrected again as alive.

In addition to them, explanation is given in Al-Anbiya 34-35 that “And We did not grant to any man eternity before you either. So, if you die, are they the ones who live eternally? Every creature with an identity will taste death. And We test you with evil and good to purify you. And you will be returned only to Us.” which underline the fact that every living being experiences death and that until today none of the persons like Jesus and Elijah etc. would remain/be alive, they all would die expressly.

Yes, Prophet Jesus was not killed by crucifixion by the Jews. He died another time elsewhere. We do not have any knowledge regarding the place and time.

MIRACLES OF JESUS (!)

As it is known, regarding Prophet Jesus, the Muslims attribute some miracles like he spoke when he was in cradle, he was able to resurrect the dead, he healed the born blind as if they are healthy, he made people recover from the Vitiligo disease which was a skin disorder, he knew the things that his tripe ate or safeguarded in order to eat later, he was born without a father, he knew Allah’s gospels, the Old Testament, the Bible, and the Qur’an, he made something like a bird from mud and flew it by giving life to it with his breath, he gave the tidings of coming of the holy person, our Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him), who will come after him. (!) And the Christians acknowledge that he had miracles like he transformed water into wine, he stopped the storm and healed the ill and the blind as well as people suffering from palsy and leprosy, he revealed and dismissed the genies, he foretold the future, he changed his face and appearance, he increased the food and drinks, and he gave more fertility to goods.

We leave the analysis of the expressions specified in their books of (Matthew 8:23-27, John 2:1-11, HYPERLINK “http://www.hristiyan.net/kutsalkitap2/tr-mat8.html”Matthew 8:14-15, HYPERLINK “http://www.hristiyan.net/kutsalkitap2/tr-john9.html”John 9:1-41, LukeHYPERLINK “http://www.hristiyan.net/kutsalkitap2/tr-luke5.html” 5:17- 46, Mark 10:46-52,Luke 17:11-19, Mark 4:39.) to the Christians themselves and continue here analyzing the verses in the Qur’an, that were used for the subject matter of the miracles of Prophet Jesus:

Surah Ali Imran 45-51:

45,46And when the harbinger Ayat once said: “O Mary! Allah gives you the good tidings of a word from Him. His name will be Jesus the Messiah, son of Mary. He will be honorable in the world and in Akhirat [Afterlife]. And he will be among those who have been brought close and the righteous. He will speak with the people as an adult and in a higher position. 48And Allah will teach him the book, the laws, rules and principles that are set forth to prevent injustice, corruption and chaos and the Bible and the Torah.

49-51And He will make him a messenger to Israelites to say, ‘The truth is that I have brought/come to you with an evidence/a sign from your Rabb; surely, I design for you a clay; mud; ceramic object; thurible (censer) that resembles a bird. Then I blow into it; form an aerosol so, by permission of Allah, all that which causes illness will become a bird/fly away. I remove the blindness which is not from birth, poisoning of snake, scorpion and lizard/harmful plants in the vineyards, gardens and farms by permission/knowledge of Allah and I revive the social dead by permission of Allah. I inform you about your food that you will eat and store in your houses; save to eat later. –If you are the ones who believe, there is definitely an evidence/a sign in this for you.-I confirm the contents of Torah only which is contained in the Bible as well. I will make lawful a part of that which has been forbidden to you. I have brought to you an evidence/a sign from your Rabb. Now enter under the guardianship of Allah and follow me. Surely, Allah is my Rabb and your Rabb. Therefore, worship Him! This is the righteous path’”.

Surah Al-Ma’idah 110:

110When Allah said: “O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My favor upon you and your mother! When I strengthened you with the Wahy [Revelation] of Allah. You were talking to the people as a man in a high position and an adult. When I taught you the Book, the laws, rules and principles that were set forth to prevent injustice, corruption and chaos, the Torah and the Bible.

When you made an object [thurible] from mud; clay [ceramic] that looked like a bird with My permission/knowledge. Then you blew into it; formed aerosol, and they [pests that spread; transmit disease] became birds/went away immediately by My permission. You removed the blindness which is not from birth, poisoning of snake, scorpion and lizard/harmful plants in the vineyards, gardens and farms by permission/knowledge of Allah. And, again with My permission/knowledge, you brought forth/revived social dead. And when you came to Israelites with explicit evidences and those who disbelieved in the divinity of Allah and the fact that He is Rabb from among them said: “This is only an explicit magic”, I protected you from them.

Source of the miracles attributed to Prophet Jesus are these verses. In fact, in these verses, the subject matter is training of a messenger by Our Rabb. In explaining this subject, the content of the messages delivered to messenger Zachariah and Mary once are explained.

The angels that are the subject matter here are the revelations as in the 42 and 43rd verses and what the angels say are the messages in those revelations. Here the narration is conducted by way of intaq (making speak; making utter) art. In fact, these messages were revealed to Zachariah and Zachariah transmitted them to Mary. In Surah Al-Ahzab 30th and 34th verses, we will see that the women of the Prophet are addressed through the Prophet.

In the forty sixth verse, the information regarding Jesus that “He will speak with the people as an adult and in a higher position” is given. In order that this point is understood well, we are providing an analysis of us regarding the Surah Maryam here:

Resuscitation of Jesus of the dead

In this paragraph, it was advised that Jesus would say to Israelites “I revive the social dead by permission of Allah” to Mary before Jesus was born. Here, Jesus’ resuscitation of the dead was understood to be in a real sense and lots of legends were asserted. We view them unnecessary to be included here.

However, if we look at the Qur’an, we see in many Ayat (An-Naml 80, Fatir 22, Al-An’am 122) that the expression of “dead” is not used in the real meaning but “living dead (spiritually dead)”. The expression of “dead” in these verses was, as seen, used for the people who were spiritually dead, in polytheism and lost their reason and conscience.

Meanwhile, we must remind that the Qur’an was sent in order to resurrect these dead people and that it was a soul:

Surah Ash-Shura 52:

52,53Thus We have revealed to you the soul/the Qur’an which is of Our own command/affair. You did not know what the book was, what faith was. But We made it a light/soul with which We guide from whomever We will of Our servants. Without a doubt, you also guide to a straight path; the path of Allah for Whom those in the heavens/universe and on the earth are. So open your eyes! All matters return only to Allah.

After this information, we must pay attention to this Ayah and the underlined expression:

Surah Al-Anfal 24:

24O you who have believed! When the Messenger invites you to that which gives you life, respond to Allah and the Messenger. And know that Allah intervenes between man and his heart. And you will absolutely be gathered before Him.

This means that the revelations brought by Prophet Jesus to the society are the source of spiritual life as well and he ensured that spiritually dead people came to life again.

Healing of the ill of Jesus

In the Verses, the expressions of “ennî ehluku lekum minet tîni ke heyetit tayri fe enfuhu fîhi fe yekûnu tayran biiznillâhi, and ubriul ekmehe vel ebrasa and uhyîl mevtâ bi iznillâhi, and unebbiukum bi mâ te’kulûne and mâ teddehırûne, fî buyûtikum” are translated “I make a creature for you in the form of a mud bird and blow into it; with the permission of Allah, it immediately becomes into a bird. Also with the permission of Allah, I can heal the born blind and the mottled and I can resurrect the dead and I can tell you about what you eat and what you save at home” to create the miracles in question regarding Prophet Jesus. In fact, when it is translated remaining faithful to the text and the technical information, it appears that the meaning of the expression is “…‘The truth is that I have brought/come to you with an evidence/a sign from your Rabb; surely, I design for you a clay; mud; ceramic object; thurible (censer) that resembles a bird. Then I blow into it; form an aerosol so, by permission of Allah, all that which causes illness will become a bird/fly away. I remove the blindness which is not from birth, poisoning of snake, scorpion and lizard/harmful plants in the vineyards, gardens and farms by permission/knowledge of Allah and I revive the social dead by permission of Allah. I inform you about your food that you will eat and store in your houses; save to eat later. …”

Here, sending of Prophet Jesus to the Israelites and the reasons for this sending are explained. Prophets Moses and Aaron had been sent for both teaching the revelation and oneness to the Israelites and for rescuing the Israelites from their captivity in Egypt. In the passage here, it was summarized that Prophet Jesus was sent with the tasks of saving the Israelites from the epidemic maladies, taking precautions against them, and providing them with convenient substance, through His revelations, and teaching them preventive medicine, skin medicine, health food consumption, and making of conserve, pickle, molasses and stocking barley, wheat and dry legumes as well as protection of them against moisture and pests.

In the verse that we translated as “ surely, I design for you a clay; mud; ceramic object; thurible (censer) that resembles a bird. ” the object of the verb “design” did not take place in the original of the verse and it was left to the appreciation of the reader within the course of this paragraph. It the Ayah, it is not said I make a ‘‘figure of a bird’’ or ‘‘maquette of a bird’’ but it is said I make ‘‘something like figure of a bird, form of a bird ( something that resembles a bird )’’. And here, it is explained that Jesus makes a clay censer in the form of a bird and blows the spice that he put in it to dismiss the insects like mosquitoes and flies that cause eye diseases etc. making use of the smoke and scent emitting. It is clear that the ceramic censers available today are all in the form of a bird.

Also in the verse, the subject of the verb “feyekunu (it happens suddenly)” did not take place and it was left to be understood from the flow of the words.

These facts understood from the literal meanings of the verses are confirmed by the Qumran manuscripts of the Essenes that were deciphered recently. It is understood that Jesus left the community among which he was born and took his education regarding medicine and food production among the Essenes and was sent to the Israelites in his maturity age as a prophet.

Bird creation (!)

In order to understand this sign, the indicator, it is necessary to know the true meaning of the verb of “hıalq”.

Verb of “ الخلقHıalq”

Regarding this word, following information is given:

Actual meaning of the word of “ خلقHıalq” is appreciation, adjustment, measurement and shaping. In the Arabic language, it means doing without a sample and without imitating. Abu bekir ibn el Enbari says, the word of “Hıalq” is used in the Arabic language in two forms as “construct” and “appreciate.”

When we view the Qur’an, we see that the verb of “hıalk” is used in many verses (for example; Al-Baqara 21,29, Al-Fajr 8, Mu’minun 14, Ash-Shu`ara 137, Al-Ankabut 17, Sad 7 ) as “appreciation, adjustment, measurement, shaping, making up and formation.”

Wording of Jesus “by the will of Allah/with Allah’s permission” is used in order to eliminate the mistake of those people who believed that he was a deity.

Jesus’ healing and cereal business (His knowledge of unseen/unheard)

When the verses are translated by remaining faithful to the text, it will be seen that here that sending of Prophet Jesus to the Israelites and the reasons for this sending are explained. Prophets Moses and Aaron had been sent for both teaching the revelation and oneness to the Israelites and for rescuing the Israelites from their captivity in Egypt. In the passage here, it was summarized that Prophet Jesus was sent with the tasks of saving the Israelites – by delivering the revelations – from the epidemic maladies, taking precautions against them and providing them with convenient substance and teaching them preventive medicine, skin medicine, health food consumption and making of conserve, pickle, molasses and stocking barley, wheat and dry legumes as well as protection of them against moisture and pests.

These facts understood from the literal meanings of the verses are confirmed by the Qumran manuscripts of the Essenes that were deciphered recently.

With the expression in the verse that “I will make lawful a part of that which has been forbidden”, he means that the he will abolish what the Jews rendered forbidden for them and that he will disclose what the truth is. We can handle this in two respects:

If it is paid attention, it will be seen that here in he did not say “I will make lawful a part of that which has been forbidden in the Old Testament”. In the statement, there is no expression of “In the Old Testament”. This means that the things rendered forbidden by the Israelites are the things that were rendered forbidden by their notable persons. There is nothing here like abolishing a provision from the Old Testament.

It is a reality that there are prohibitions imposed as a punishment to the Israelites despite the fact that they are not forbidden normally. With Prophet Jesus, such punishments are abolished.

Surah An-Nisa 160, 161:

160,161Then, for the unjust behaviors of those who had become Jews, their efforts to avert many people from the path of Allah, that they took Riba [obtaining revenues without effort, service and risk] although it was forbidden to them and their consumption of wealth of the people without right, We made haram/forbidden that which had been made halal/permissible to them. And We have prepared a painful punishment for the infidels; those who consciously denied the divinity of Allah and the fact that He is Rabb from among those that had become Jews.

This issue is available in the sources regarding the life of Prophet Jesus. Jesus approved the subjects in the Old Testament that were also available the Bible and erased the rest considering them dust and dirt.

Matthew 5; 17:

17“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.

Matthew 23; 1-7:

1Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples: 2“The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat.  3So you must be careful to do everything they tell you. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach.  4They tie up heavy, cumbersome loads and put them on other people’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to lift a finger to move them.

5Everything they do is done for people to see: They make their phylacteries wide and the tassels on their garments long; 6they love the place of honor at banquets and the most important seats in the synagogues; 7they love to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces and to be called ‘Rabbi’ by others.

Our Rabb abolished through the Prophet what was forbidden by the Jews to themselves and the punishment that were imposed on them.

Surah Al-A’raf 157:

156,157Allah says: “I have My punishment; I will touch with it whom I will, and I have My Mercy; that encompasses everything. I will decree it especially to those who enter under guardianship of Allah, those who give zaqah; tax and who believe in Our Ayat; and those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who is from the Mother City/Mecca who orders them the good, forbids them from evil, allows them that which is clean and pleasant and prohibits for them that which is filthy and evil, relieves them of their burden, ties and chains which were upon them; whom they can find written in the Torah and in the Bible which are with them. Therefore, those who believe in him, show him a strong respect, support him and follow the light sent down with him will be the ones who will succeed”.

Jesus’ harbinger of the messenger after him and his birth without father through a revelation given to him (even if he is fatherless, he was born through sperm and egg) are Ayat/sign of Allah.

In this case, there is no miracle exhibited by Prophet Jesus other than receiving the revelations and ascension of a book for him. These are the miracles that already belong to Allah.

View that Jesus will descend from Heavens

In the previous sections, we analyzed the Jesus’ situation and we explained in details that in the Qur’an, the ascension in the expressions, “Rather, Allah ascended him to Himself/raised him in degree” and “I am the One Who raises you” were not a physical ascension. In this case, as there is nothing like the ascension of Jesus to heaven, there will not be such thing; there cannot be anything like his descent. Despite this, the expectation of Messiah and the belief in the Christians that “Jesus Christ will resurrect after his death and ascended to the sky; he will come back” was unfortunately included to their system of belief in order to ascribe to the Muslims and to exploit and belittle them by way of rendering them a mass of people who are mindless and thoughtless.

It became necessary to analyze this nonsense and deviated belief and the information regarding the result is given below.

The belief that Jesus will “descend to the earth” stems from the Christians. The fact that Jesus resurrected after his death and appeared to some people and then he will descend later on are told in details in Paul’s letter to the Corinthians; attempt is made to convince those who deny this. Barnabas also narrates in details that before those who come to catch Jesus enter the house, angels evacuated him from the back window to the 3rd level sky and the soldiers court martialed and crucified Judah, who was given the appearance of Jesus by Allah, thinking that he was Jesus and that everyone thought that this crucified man was Jesus. Then it states that he came together with four angels to console his mother and friends who were very sad, that such misunderstandings would continue until the prophet called Ahmad advents and the truth would be revealed with his coming.

The Bibles available in the market(Matthew/24; Mark/ 13, 14 Luke/21, 1. Thessalonians /4, 2.Thessalonians /2, 2. Peter/3, Matthew/10, 16, John/2. These are not the Bible mentioned in the Qur’an, which was revealed to Prophet Jesus but the similar ones of the hadith anthologies in Islamic literature).There are about 20 statements regardingJesus’ second coming onto the earth.

As Jesus is expressed through his own wording in these sections in the Bibles, Jesus’ second coming onto the earth would take place before those people who are the peers, the contemporaries, of Jesus, would leave this world. Paul includes this issue in his letter and stated that those people living at that time would see this expressly. When the expressions in John’s Bible are taken into account, it is required that descent of Jesus was to take place latest around A.D.100 – 120.

But, despite the fact that it has been centuries since the said time came and passed, Jesus still did not return. The one who tells a lie here is Jesus or those who arranged the book on behalf of him?

In the Qur’an, there is no overt or covert expression that Jesus physically ascended to heaven/Allah and he will descend from there. This belief in some of the Christians was settled among the Muslims by way of rumors. In fact, these rumors did not fulfill the objectives of the judases in an exact sense and the diverse commentators aside, such rumor commentators were not exactly satisfied. But the doubtful approaches to this issue were kept hidden from the masses of public.

Rumors expressing descent of Jesus

As it is known, there are millions of statements regarding the words and behaviors attributed to the Prophet. Almost all of them are lies and hearsays. There are hundreds of rumors regarding this issue as well. We will analyze reliable ones and state out opinion.

“……Said Ibn ul Musayyab heard from Abu Hurayra as follows: “I swear Allah that Mary’s son Jesus will descend as a fair judge. He will break the cross, kill the boar and abolish jizyah. Then, the commodities will grow so much more that no one will accept them. Then kowtowing to God will be much more beneficial than the world and anything in this world.” /Buhari, Buyu, Mazaleem, Anbiya; Muslim, Iman; Abu Davud, Melaheem Tirmizi, Fiten Ahmad bin Hanbel)

 “Cabir RA. narrates: The Prophet said: A group from the Ummah/people will continue to fight in a glorious manner for the justice until Doomsday. Then Jesus, the son of Mary, descends. The chief of the Muslims says, ‘Come and lead us practice prayer!’ But Jesus says ‘No!’ as Allah’s gift to this ummah/people, you’re the order of each other.” (Muslim, Iman)

 “Mary’s son (Jesus) will bring telbiyyah for hajj or umrah or both around Fajju ’r-Ravha.” (Muslim, Hacc)

In addition to them, in Abu Davud, rumor has it that Jesus is one of the 10 signs of the Doomsday, that he would descend on the white minaret in Damascus, that Mary’s son Jesus would come to the Muslims too, that Allah will protect him from Anti-Christ, that he will ascend the believers to Tur with revelation of Allah, that, later on, Gog and Magog will appear and walk toward the Tabariyya Lake, that siege will be laid around Jesus and his men, that, then, Jesus and his men will descend from the mountain to the ground, that everything on the ground will be plenty, and then finally the Doomsday will take place.

The rumors in Buhari, the most valid of the rumor books, stem from Ebuhurrayyah that we qualify as the Paul of the Muslims. In Muslim, they stem from Cabir.

These rumors were evaluated by the scholars according to the rules of “Hadith Method.” While some of them asserted that there will be no argument in regards to belief as it is not followed by others, some others argued that it is essential to believe it. There are those who assert that the words that “You believe in a wrong thing. Jesus will not come” were not uttered by the Prophet for the Christians around him as evidence. Even some of them asserted that in the Ascension, the Prophet saw Jesus alive on the third level in the sky.

Our assessment on these rumors is not within the framework of ”Hadith Method” but on the grounds of the Qur’an. (We presented its mental aspect; whether it would be suitable for reason and logic; in the section above entitled Jesus’ ref.)

As it is seen, in these rumors, it is asserted that Jesus will descend. This is the clear foretelling of a future phenomenon expressly. So he gives news from the unheard and unseen, unknown. And this news is given by the Prophet. (!)

Let us handle this issue through the Qur’an. According to the Qur’an (Al-Ma’idah 109, Al-An’am 50, A’raf 188, At-Tawbah 101, Hud 31, Al-Ahqaf 9) the Prophet and no other prophets can know the unseen and unheard. It could by no means be in question that anyone, including the prophets, can bring tidings regarding unseen, unheard, past, future or a far distance.

However, Our Rabb explained in the Qur’an (Ali Imran 179, Jinn 26, 27 and Yusuf 86) that He would advise the “unseen, unheard” to His messengers He chose and deemed appropriate. These show that the prophets cannot know of the unseen, unheard themselves but Allah provided them with some information by revealing to them. The news regarding the “unseen, unheard” are notified through these messengers by way of verses and the messengers bring these messages to the humanity as required by their duty. There are many Ayat in the Qur’an that the situation is this (Ali Imran 44, Hud 49, Yusuf 102, Al-Qasas 44-46).

There are examples that Allah had notified His messengers about the unseen, unheard by granting the privilege of clairvoyance of the visions regarding future and of explaining such visions. For example, Supreme Allah taught Prophet Joseph “how to interpret” the events and Joseph became able to explain the visions of his prison friends and the king accurately. In other words, Prophet Joseph was able to interpret the visions regarding the future through what Allah has taught him and knew what those visions meant. Details of these events can be found in the 36-49th verses of the Surah Joseph.

One of the examples of Allah’s informing about the unseen, unheard by exhibiting the visions of future is related with our Prophet. As can be understood from the 27th verse of the Surah Al-Fath (Conquest), Our Rabb showed the vision of the conquest of Mecca to our Prophet before it has happened. This way, our Prophet, thanks to these vision that is in the form of the unseen, unheard news, was able to know of the conquest of Mecca beforehand. Also in the Surah Ar-Rum, the fact that the Byzantines would be defeated was communicated years ago. Also in the Qur’an, many future events were previously notified like “this will happen, they will say this, they will ask you etc.” and these events took place later on as they were said to take place.

As can be understood from the above quotes, it is clear that despite these so many verses of Allah, those who asserted that our Prophet knew the “unseen, unheard” and those who believe in this allegation did not read and understand the Qu’ran or they do not have a confidence in the Qur’an. One of the surprising things in this situation and what is specified below is that these people were unable to conduct this simple reasoning.

As stated widely in the hadiths books called “good manners,” in addition to the history and prophetic biography books, our Prophet, used intelligence spies in both Mecca and Medina. If he had known the “unseen, unheard”, he would have not needed this method and he would have evaluated this situation according to his knowing of unseen and unheard.

As also stated in the history, prophetic biography, and “good manners” hadiths books, our Prophet asked in the lawsuits he adjudged to both parties to bring witnesses in order to prove their litigations. If he had known the “unseen, unheard” he would have not needed the statements of the witnesses and would have given his judgment accordingly.

In the case of Slander (the event of ifk) , which is very important in Islamic history and which made everyone worried, specifically the Prophet himself, our Prophet was very sad and concerned as he did not know the “unseen, unheard” and sent his wife Aisha to her father’s home, until a revelation came and innocence of Aisha, the Slander for Her, was disclosed… If our Prophet had known the “unseen, unheard” there would have been no need for all these, he would have explained to his close friends that this was a slander, finally, neither himself nor the close friends would have been sad. However, Allah himself informed the Prophet that this hearsay was a slander and our Prophet was able to learn the truth about the event, which was “unseen, unheard” for him [Aisha’s innocence] only through revelation. (Ahzab 6)

In the Masjid al-Dirar event, our Prophet exhibited tolerance to the polytheists as he did not know why they were building this masjid (school). However, the fact that the polytheists had bad intention and that place was full of badness was notified him by Allah through revelation. (At-Tawbah 107, 108)

As we learned from the Surah At-Tahrim, as our Prophet did not know of the intrigues devised by his wives, this fact was notified him by Allah through revelation. (At-Tahrim 3)

As our Prophet did not know whether the people he dealt with were frank or liars or believer or hypocrite, these issues were also notified him by Allah through revelation. (At-Tawbah 101)

These kinds of people who do not read the Qur’an and trust it and who are unable to reason for what is stated above have interestingly did not attach importance to this hadith that is among the hadiths that they are a lot and that states that our Prophet did not know the “unseen, unheard” in his own words:

“… Muavviz’s daughter Rubeyyi said as follows: ‘On the day on which I became a bride, the Prophet came to my wedding ceremony in the mid-morning and took a sit on my mattress as you do. Meanwhile, some girls were playing an instrument and praising their fathers who became martyrs in Bedr. One of these girls said:

- There is a prophet among us; he knows what will happen tomorrow.
Upon this:

-”Do not say that; say what you have been saying!” the Prophet said. (Sahih al-Buhari, Kitab al-Magazi, rumor no: 49)

All these things demonstrate that the ignorant and careless people, who assert that our Prophet knows the “unseen, unheard” and believe such allegation cause Islam’s corruption whether deliberately or not.

If we take the essence of the above rumors into account, we can see that the Bible’s Micah section, fifth section, 2 – 5th sentences are same, as follows:

Savior will come out from Bethlehem

2But thou, Beth–lehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.

3Therefore will he give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth: then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel.

4And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.

5And this man shall be the peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.

In addition, Bible’s Isaiah/ 9; 6, 7, 11; 1- 19, 53; 11, 12, Jeremiah/23; 5,6, Zachariah/9; 9, 10 can be viewed. When they are viewed, it will be seen that the Arabic Pauls Islamized the Messiah of the Israelites in the Bible.

These attempts generally serve for the following three objectives:

  1. To spoil the belief of the Muslims and to be able to exploit them

These sophistries are in fact the measures to use people. The masses who fail to weigh these sophistries on the basis of reason and to check them by way of the Qur’an are ridden as a donkey and milked as a cow; in short, they are exploited well. It is left to the reader to acknowledge the position of the people who believe in this.

b) Belittling the Prophet and his ummah/people

Those people who are interested in the issue know well that in the Ascension (Prophet Muhammad’s ascension to sky, arrival to Allah) rumors, the Prophet comes across Moses on the 6th level. The Prophet forwards him the conversations he had with Allah and the obligations regarding his ummah/people he received from Allah. Moses warns the Prophet your ummah/people cannot bear this burden; go and negotiate with Allah to ease the burden of your ummah/people. Upon this, the Prophet goes to negotiate with Allah and comes back for several times. Here, a clever, heady Moses and idiotic and dumb Muhammad are portrayed clearly. Allah rendered Muhammad last prophet and ended the application of sending a prophet (Ahzab/40). However, He gave the duties of warning, good tidings, advice, instruct good deeds that are accepted by all, preclude evil via revelation and common sense, which are the duties of a messenger, to this ummah/people that can be clearly understood from Al-Baqara 143, Ali Imran 104, 110 and Hajj 78. In the rumors that Jesus will descend, the things are alleged that Muhammad and his ummah/people are clumsy people, that they are not able to carry out the duties of warning, advising, instruct good deeds that are accepted by all, preclude evil via revelation and common sense, that Jesus will come and will be able to carry out them, covertly, and even from the Prophet’s own mouth. When these operations are conducted through the Prophet’s own words and through a respectable person, reason is overlooked and the issue is not questioned. But finally, “…And Allah will place defilement/punishment upon those who do not use their reason. (Yunus/100).”

c) Impugning Allah

In the Qur’an; In Al-Ankabut 48, Shura 51, Yusuf 3, Qaf 22, Al-Qasas 86, it is explained that he never read a book about Israelite before he was a Prophet and that he did not have any knowledge of it. None of his contemporaries alleged the contrary or otherwise and attempted to prove it. The Prophet was even warned in Yunus 94 and Al-Isra 101 that he could ask the People of the Book about the culture of the Book. Also in An-Nahl 43 and Al-Anbiya 7, Prophet’s contemporary deniers were recommended to refer to the “People that have knowledge about Torah and Bible’’ (Jewish and Christian cleric living on those days) about the topics of the religion that they did not know

In short, according to the Qur’an, Prophet Muhammad is a person who did not know Israelite culture, knowledge and experience. According to the hearsay/rumors, the Prophet is an expert and a heady copier of the Israelite, Holy Scriptures, Talmud, and Mishnas. Hence, Allah is telling a lie (!). We are sure that the Prophet never ever said such things. If he had said such thing, there would have been no believer around him except for the hypocrite people and the people against him would be pleased as punch.

Note:

We have stated in many of our articles specifically those that have sections related with Jesus in our Tebyinu’l Qur’an [Manifestation of the Qur’an] book, in the analysis of Ali Imran 33-63, Mary 33-29, Az-Zukhruf 44, 61, 61, 45 related with Jesus that in order to settle some unrealistic frivolities among the Muslims, genteel and profound operations were made in the Mushaf.

HAKKI YILMAZ

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